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Teaching English Terminology

AMEP: Adult Migrant English Program

AMES: Adult Multicultural Education Services

CALD: Culturally and Linguistically Diversity—A very broad concept which encompasses the differences that exist between people, such as language, dress, traditions, food, societal structures, art and religion.

Can-do statements: criteria concerning what a learner can successfully do with language in the real world, against which they can be assessed.

CEFR: Common European Framework of Reference for Languages—The Council of Europe’s scheme to set comparable international language standards in order to recognise and describe the achievements and qualifications of learners at different levels.

CELTA: Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

CLIL: Content and Language Integrated Learning—the teaching of subject content through a language that is not the first language of the learners. The hope is that the language will be learnt through engagement with the subject matter and that both content and language will be learnt equally well.

CLL: Community Language Learning—a method that employs use of L1 and L2 to allow students to communicate real messages to each other.

CLT: Communicative Language Teaching—a broad description of current language teaching in which the need to use language in successful communication is seen as more important than having a purely theoretical knowledge of how language works.

EAL/D: English as an Additional Language / Dialect—English taught to people who have moved to an English-speaking country and whose first language is not English, especially school children. EAL can also refer to English taught to all people whose first language is not English.

EAP: English for Academic Purposes—English for learners who need to read texts, attend lectures, write exams, etc.

EFL: English as a Foreign Language—the study of English by non-native speakers living in a non-English-speaking environment.

EFS: English for Further Studies—English that is taught to students who are non-native English speakers who plan to study at degree or post-graduate level.

EIL: English as an International Language—English as the language of the world community, rather than being owned by just a few native-speaking countries

ELF: English as a Lingua Franca, i.e. English is used as a common language of communication between people who speak different first languages.

ELICOS: English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students—a term used primarily in Australia to refer to intensive English language courses available to students from other countries.

ELT: English Language Teaching—the teaching of English to speakers of other languages.

ESL: English as a Second Language—the study of English by non-native speakers in an English speaking environment.

IATEFL: International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language.

IELTS: International English Language Testing System—an international standardised test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. IELTS is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the TOEFL.

IPA: International Phonetic Alphabet—an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of oral language. The IPA is used by lexicographers, foreign language students and teachers, linguists, speech-language pathologists, singers, actors, constructed language creators, and translators.

ISLPR: International Second Language Proficiency Ratings—a scale that describes the development of second or foreign language proficiency in adolescent and adult learners (used primarily in Australia)

L1: First Language, mother tongue

L2: Second Language

LAD: Language Acquisition Device; a term coined by Noam Chomsky to explain an innate psychological capacity for language acquisition.

LBOTE: Language Backgrounds Other Than English—LBOTE students are those in whose home a language other than English is spoken by parents, guardians, grandparents, siblings, other relatives and/or the students themselves (primarily used in Australia).

LOTE: Languages Other Than English—the name given to language subjects in schools (used in Australia and New York).

NEAS (Australia): National English Language Teaching Accreditation Scheme

NESB: Non-English Speaking Background—a student of non-English speaking background is defined as one in whose home a language other than English is spoken.

PPP: An approach to teaching language items which follows a sequence of presentation of the item, practice of the item and the production of the items. This is the approach currently followed by most commercially produced textbooks.

SAE: Standard Australian English—the variety of spoken and written English language in Australia used in more formal settings such as for official or public purposes, and recorded in dictionaries, style guides and grammars. While it is always dynamic and evolving, it is recognised as the ‘common language’ of Australians.

SLA: Second Language Acquisition—the study of how second languages are learned and the factors that influence the process.

TEFL: Teaching English as a Foreign Language—a term used to refer to teacher training programs in EFL

TESL: Teaching English as a Second Language—a term that refers to teacher training programs in ESL (used in Canada)

TESOL: Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages—a term used to distinguish English language teaching as a professional activity that requires specialized training.

TOEFL: Test of English as a Foreign Language—a standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers wishing to enrol in U.S. universities. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS.

VET: Vocational Education and Training—education that prepares people for specific trades, crafts and careers at various levels from a trade, a craft, technician, or a professional position in engineering, accountancy, nursing, medicine, architecture, pharmacy, law etc. Craft vocations are usually based on manual or practical activities, traditionally non-academic, related to a specific trade, occupation, or vocation. It is sometimes referred to as technical education as the trainee directly develops expertise in a particular group of techniques.


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