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Teaching English Terminology

CELTA: Certificate of English Language Teaching to Adults.

CLIL: Content and language integrated learning – the teaching of subject content through a language that is not the first language of the learners. The hope is that the language will be learnt through engagement with the subject matter and that both content and language will be learnt equally well.

Delta: Diploma in English Language Teaching to Adults.

EAP: English for Academic Purposes – English for learners who need to read texts, attend lectures, write exams, etc.

EFL: English as a Foreign Language – the study of English by non-native speakers living in a non-English-speaking environment.

ELT: English Language Teaching – the teaching of English to speakers of other languages.

ESL: English as a Second Language – the study of English by non-native speakers in an English-speaking environment.

ESOL: English for Speakers of Other Languages – the teaching of English in the UK to adults who do not speak English as their first language.

ESP: English for Specific Purposes – the teaching of English to people in the workplace who have particular, job-specific language needs.

IELTS: The International English Language Testing System – an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers.IELTS is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the TOEFL.

L1: Refers to the student's first, or native language.

L2: Refers to the new language that the student is learning.

PPP: Presentation, Practice, Production – an approach to teaching language items which follows a sequence of presentation of the item, practice of the item and the production of the items. This is the approach currently followed by most commercially produced textbooks.

RP: Received Pronunciation – the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England.

TBL: Task-based learning – a term used to refer to learning in the form of task completion, rather than traditional classroom exercises.

TEFL: Teaching English as a Foreign Language – a term used to refer to teacher training programs in EFL.

TESOL: Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages – a term used to distinguish English language teaching as a professional activity that requires specialized training.

TOEFL: Test of English as a Foreign Language – a standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers wishing to enrol in U.S. universities. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS.

TOEIC: Test of English for International Communication – a standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers working in an international environment.

TTT: Teacher talking time – time the teacher spends talking in the classroom.

 

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